MEANING: Garnet comes from the 14th century word ‘gernet’ meaning dark red and possibly derived from the latin ‘pomum granatum’; pomegranate.
COMMON SPECIES: Pyrope (red), Almandine (dark red), Rhodolite (rose red/violet), Spessartine (orange/red), Hessonite (orange brown), Tsavorite (green) and Demantoid (green).
COLOUR: Usually red but can be all colours.
MOHS HARDNESS: 6.5-7.5
OPTICAL PROPERTIES: Single refractive
HISTORY IN JEWELLERY: Garnet beads have been found in graves dating from...